A psychologist is a specialist who studies mental life and the laws of correcting human behavior, using this knowledge to help people and to optimize their activities.
The profession of a psychologist appeared relatively recently. Hence, a lot of erroneous and incorrect information regarding the methods and content of the science of psychology. Some people even confuse such professions that are similar in sound, but different in meaning, such as a psychiatrist, a psychotherapist and a psychologist.
It should be said right away that a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist are doctors who received a diploma in medical schools. And the psychologist received his education in the discipline “Psychology” and is not a doctor. The subject of his work is not the human psyche, but his state of mind, the inner world. A psychologist does not heal, in the truest sense of the word, but helps a person find harmony, both with himself and the people around him.
The formation of the science of psychology cannot be called unambiguous. It was formed from the depths of such sciences as astronomy, philosophy, various occult sciences.
The first representatives of “soul healers” can be called healers, sorcerers, shamans. At the very least, the positive effect of their “treatment” came more from the power of suggestion than from the use of remedies.
It was only in the 18th century that the first attempts were made to debunk prejudices and scientifically substantiate their influence on humans.
The official date of the emergence of psychology as a science is 1879 – the opening of the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig by W. Wundt. Later, similar laboratories and schools were opened in other countries and in Russia, various directions were developing, for example: behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, etc. Currently, the knowledge and experience of psychology is used in many life and career spheres: in the family, in communication, in education, in medicine, in art, in politics, economics, and production.
The main activities of a psychologist:
Psychological diagnostics is the study of individual characteristics of the human psyche using tests.
Counseling is a confidential communication between a psychologist and a client, aimed at a fuller realization of his abilities and finding ways to solve troubling problems.
Psychological training is active communication training, as well as ways of emotional self-regulation, problem solving and personal growth. These group sessions include a variety of psychological games and exercises, alternating with discussions about the experiences they provide to the participants.
Some psychologists combine all these types of work, but more often they still specialize in one thing. Many find themselves in other types of activity related to psychology: for example, they are engaged in teaching it or researching it. Finally, many people implement psychological knowledge in other types of work with people: for example, human resources managers in various organizations very often have psychological education. On average, about 2/3 of a psychologist’s working time is spent on contacts with people, the rest is on paperwork, preparation of reports on examinations, etc.
The image of a psychologist in the minds of many people has developed thanks to Western films – inspiring boundless trust, benevolent specialist who sympathetically asks a client lying on the couch. Many people believe in the omnipotence of a psychologist, they think that he will help solve all their problems. For the same reason, it happens, they choose their future profession, hoping to establish, first of all, their own life, forgetting that psychology is not a mystical science.
A psychologist cannot give a one hundred percent universal recipe for getting rid of all troubles. Together with the person who needs help, he looks for ways to solve the problem, helps to find the internal resources of the body. After all, most failures, both in personal and professional life of a person, do not come from the fact that everyone around is so bad. The problem is in the person himself, in his views on many things, in his worldview, maybe in his childhood.
The psychologist gives a person the opportunity to look at life in general and at the problem itself, in particular, from a slightly different angle, prompts him to think that everything that happens to us is the work of ourselves, that in order to change the world, you need to change yourself.
Of course, such a complex and delicate task – psychological assistance – requires certain mental and professional qualities of such a specialist, a psychologist.
First of all, he must be kind and not indifferent to other people. The ability to listen carefully and hear the interlocutor is important. A psychologist will need such qualities as logic, quick wit, the ability to analyze and draw conclusions. However, he must be able to isolate himself from other people’s problems, not let them pass through himself, not take to heart and not confuse professional sympathy with human compassion. That is, it must be stress-resistant.
The salary is 25-35,000 rubles per month, depending on experience and place of work.
Education (What you need to know?)
The profession implies the presence of higher education (specialties: Psychology, Conflictology, Clinical Psychology, Clinical Psychology). You can get it in many state and non-state universities. In order to work at a high professional level and be in demand in the labor market, most often this education is not enough, it is necessary to regularly take additional advanced training courses.